Compiling and installing the GEANT4 Python bindings

Posted on 23, Feb 2013

Dependencies

Installation

Install GEANT4 in the usual way using cmake ; I find using cmake-gui a bit easier for configuration:

$> mkdir geant4.9.6_build
$> cd geant4.9.6_build
$> cmake-gui ../geant4.9.6

Select any options you feel you need to, click 'Configure' followed by 'Generate' and exit cmake-gui .

$> make -j8
$> sudo make install

Now we have to compile and install the actual Python bindings. As far as I know this does not yet use cmake so we have to fall back to the old gmake method.

$> export G4INSTALL=/path/to/geant4/installation/geant4.9.6
$> cd $G4INSTALL/share/Geant4-9.6.0/geant4make
$> source geant4make.sh

Before we go back to the GEANT4 source directory we have to create a symlink so the Python wrapping configure script finds the GEANT4 libraries (if you are on a 64bit machine):

$> cd $G4INSTALL
$> sudo ln -s lib lib64

Back in the GEANT4 source directory:

$> cd environments/g4py
$> ./configure linux64 --prefix=$G4INSTALL/python --with-g4install-dir=$G4INSTALL
$> make -j8
$> sudo make install
$> export PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:$G4INSTALL/python/lib

That should do the trick:

$> python -c "import Geant4, g4py"

*************************************************************
 Geant4 version Name: geant4-09-06    (30-November-2012)
                      Copyright : Geant4 Collaboration
                      Reference : NIM A 506 (2003), 250-303
                            WWW : http://cern.ch/geant4
*************************************************************

Visualization Manager instantiating with verbosity "warnings (3)"...

$>

On where to go from here, have a look g4lib , boiler plate for getting going with Python and GEANT4. As a final note, make sure $PYTHONPATH is in your bash profile somewhere, and make doubly sure it does not include paths to older versions of GEANT4 Python bindings.


Copyright, Christopher Poole 2008-2016.